Introduction : In this article, Mary Harrell-Sesniak shows how you can date old, undated family photos by first figuring out what type of photograph they are, and uses old newspapers and other sources to illustrate different types of photos. Mary is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. Do you have a box of old, undated family photos somewhere up in the attic—or maybe buried in the back of some closet? Have you wondered how you were ever going to figure out who these family members might be, since the old photographs lack inscriptions or dates? Genealogy is a lot like detective work, gathering clues to make the pieces of your family puzzle fit together. Old, undated family photographs are pieces of evidence, clues that—if you examine closely enough—might yield some answers. By knowing a little of the history of photography, you might be able to solve the mystery of those old photos by first recognizing what type of photograph they are—which in turn will help you narrow down the date range for when the photo was created. This blog article will help you do that. Evening Star Washington, D. It was created with a camera obscura, a device used by artists to project images on a wall or screen.
How to Date Old Ancestor Photographs with Early Photo Types
He died aged in. The tintypes immediate predecessor the ambrotype was done by the same process of using a sheet of glass as the support. In a team led by Russell A. Della Portas advice was widely adopted by artists and since the th century portable versions of the camera obscura were commonly used first as a tent later as boxes. Until the th century the camera obscura was mainly used to study optics and astronomy especially to safely watch solar eclipses without damaging the eyes.
– The earliest tintypes were on heavy metal .0 1 7 inches) The stamps date these photographs to the period of the wartime retail.
Post a Comment. Being able to easily identify the approximate date of an old photograph is a skill I take for granted, since I do it all the time. Yesterday, after a friend posted something on Facebook, I realized that it is not a common skill. I looked for a good guide to identifying photograph dates for my friend, but I couldn’t find one I liked.
So, with that said, here is a guide to figuring out when a photograph was taken using all Waterbury and Waterbury-connected photos, of course! No photographs before the s. The photographic process was invented in France by Louis Daguerre in That first type of photograph is called a daguerreotype , after its inventor. Only one image was made, developed directly on a glass plate, which was then placed in a protective case.
Daguerreotypes had a long exposure time, meaning that people had to hold still for several minutes to avoid looking blurry. Daguerreotypes of street scenes don’t show any people or animals, unless they happened to be standing still during the exposure time. People walking by were effectively invisible. Waterbury’s Scovill Manufacturing Company was the first in the U.
How to Identify an Old Tintype Photo
One of the most available, most misunderstood and certainly the most misidentified of all antiques are photographs. It would be difficult to find an antique dealer who has not at one time or another bought and sold 19th century photographs, yet, the average dealer would be hard pressed to correctly identify or date the different types of photographic images they routinely encounter.
This exploded view of the anatomy of a photographic case shows the various levels of the image side of the case. All images courtesy Dr. Anthony J.
Dating tintypes. Tintypes were the ‘grandfather’ of the polaroid, with just one unique image – no copies – unless you took a photo of the photo to have done that.
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DATE AN OLD PHOTOGRAPH
Such cards usually have square corners. Men wore lounge suits with matching waistcoats by the middle of the decade. The photographs look like they are wearing heavy furnishing rather than dresses.
sixth-plate tintype ; 9 x cm. Date: Photo, Print, Drawing. [.
Tintypes, Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes c cycleback , all rights reserved. Tintype : Early image on a thin iron plate resembling tin. By far the most common of the three for sports subjects. Daguerreotype : Early mage on a silver-coated copper plate. The rarest and most valuable for sports subjects. Ambrotype : Early image on a transparent glass plate with a black backing. Rare for sports subjects.
People are surpised to find out that many s photographs were not paper but glass and metal. The standard metal and glass photographs are the Duaguerreotypes, ambrotypes and tintypes. These are popular with collectors and come in different sizes and presentations. Daguerreotypes and ambrotypes were originally housed in special cases discussed later in this chapter. The tintype can be found au natural, in cases, frames and paper envelopes with openings for viewing.
These metal and glass photographs were the dominant form of photography until albumen prints.
This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. Q: While cleaning out an old farmhouse in the Lucknow, Ont. It’s only about 10 by six centimetres four by 2. I was told by an elderly relative that the man seated on the right is Sir Richard Burton, the English explorer who was stationed in India early in his career. A: The ultimate question is determining value here is whether this is really Sir Richard Francis Burton.
Like the hallmarks – , concealed in Daguerreotypes Daguerreotype, s Hold the picture in your tintypes and look at.
A tintype , also known as a melainotype or ferrotype , is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion. Tintypes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine art form in the 21st.
Tintype portraits were at first usually made in a formal photographic studio, like daguerreotypes and other early types of photographs, but later they were most commonly made by photographers working in booths or the open air at fairs and carnivals , as well as by itinerant sidewalk photographers. Because the lacquered iron support there is no actual tin used was resilient and did not need drying, a tintype could be developed and fixed and handed to the customer only a few minutes after the picture had been taken.
The tintype photograph saw more uses and captured a wider variety of settings and subjects than any other photographic type. It was introduced while the daguerreotype was still popular, though its primary competition would have been the ambrotype. The tintype saw the Civil War come and go, documenting the individual soldier and horrific battle scenes.
It captured scenes from the Wild West, as it was easy to produce by itinerant photographers working out of covered wagons. It began losing artistic and commercial ground to higher quality albumen prints on paper in the mids, yet survived for well over another 40 years, living mostly as a carnival novelty.
Dating/Preserving Old Photos
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If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Indispensible Resource to Identify People in Early Photos The Cased Images and Tintypes KwikGuide is a detailed and clear source of identification tips and photo dating information for daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, and tintypes.
The Tintype – Tintypes were popular for more than 30 years. Instead of glass, the image was on an iron plate. Early tintypes were in.
New online vintage hat archive helps date old family photos. To be honest, I almost didn’t finish writing this blog post. Yesterday, I discovered an online tool to colourize my old family photos — and I have been distrac. Dating old photographs provides clues to identifying your ancestors in the old family photos. The type of photo indicates the date a photo was taken. Learn more from the Photo Detective about her most popular topics: identifying historical photographs, Civil War photography, 19th century fashion and more.
In an earlier post, I suggested ways to determine the gender of children in nineteenth-century photos by examining the hair style. By Sophie Boudarel Original text written in French Marginal annotations are, as we saw in my last post, a precious element of French deeds. Although they are useful in descending genealogy, they may contain traps that must be skipped.
All our ancestors did not die at age 50, and we may find exceptionally marginal…. The women in this photo are wearing soft, formal gowns of the early s. The men are so classic and well tailored it is hard to specifically date Read More. Demand for CD
Types of Photograph
Dating old photographs provides clues to identifying your ancestors in the old family photos. The type of photo indicates the date a photo was taken. Our children today grow up being photographed almost daily. Point a camera at a young child and they automatically smile. Check any teen or young adult or grandparent! Even candid photographs needed some forethought.
Offered is an antique tintype photo dating c This features an older girl in a casual pose sitting on straw. She is wearing a simple hat and her dress fans out to.
Tintype photo of two Victorian women posing under an “arched column” – great photo prop. Some creasing and general wear. Image is good. Tintype photo of a baby with a hidden mother awkwardly posed to the side under a striped blanket. This is quirky, fun and odd. It looks like her face was poorly rubbed out. Not a sophisticated portrait!
How to Date Old Photos
Here are several sites that can help you put your aunts, uncles, cousins and grandparents on the right branches of your family tree. Here are some places where you can pick up a few style cues to help you ID your own vintage family photographs! Wikipedia The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia provides a nicely detailed collection of articles about the many eras of clothing fashion.
Here are direct links to the sections dedicated to the time since photography was possible: s s s s s s s s s s — — s. Flickr collections by era These contributed photographs are grouped by decade, and the multitude of images will provide you with a helpful frame of reference to compare your vintage photos.
cases were used for Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes and tintypes. It is important to consider a photograph case when dating an image, though it.
This Website was paid for by – Auer Endowment -. Subscribe to RSS. Go Back. The tintype was a variation of the ambrotype, but instead of a glass plate, a thin sheet of iron ferro was used. This inexpensive sheet of iron proved to be less fragile than either the ambrotype or daguerreotype. And, just so you know, I have no idea who any of the people are in the images.
The most we can hope for is to establish approximate dates for our tintypes. Before we begin our examination of our tintypes, remember that we have the patent date of as a starting point. The height of their popularity was between and , but tintypes continued to be used long after the s. When tintypes were first produced, they were encased in frames just like an ambroytype or daguerreotype. Later on these frames became paper. There were even special tintype albums created for inserting the photograph.
Care of Encased Photographic Images – Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) Notes 16/1
Marcel Safier, Brisbane, Australia. In terms of quantity, the gem was the most prolifically produced form of photograph in the s in America. Aside from the speed of its production, the gem was also inexpensive and its small size made it suitable for mounting in jewellery such as lockets and broaches. Like daguerreotypes and ambrotypes before it, hand colouring was also possible and rouging of the subject’s cheeks was the most common form of this. This enabled the image to be mounted in carte de visite albums although small albums specifically designed to fit one, two, four or six gems to the page directly were also produced.
Unmounted gems usually sold from 10 cents per dozen and around 50 cents per dozen with mounts 1.
Plain backs with the photographer s name on the lower photograph, some like The date of photograph can place your photograph in a specific time tintype.
The photographs are all sizes. Some are obviously older photographs. Who are the individuals in the photographs? Are the individuals family members? Most likely, but if not, the photograph was obviously treasured to have been kept throughout the years. Who owned the photograph s before you?